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Abstract of:

Captain Richard W. Burt
Civil War Letters From The 76th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
For complete accounts of the 76th Ohio visit Larry's Site

May 10, 1862  Seige Of Corinth

                     From the 76th Regiment.

       CAMP 10 MILES FROM PITTSBURG LANDING, May 10, 1862

     Mr. Editor:-Since I last wrote to you a few days after the
battle of Shiloh, the 76th has been on the march so much of the
time that I have had but little time to write.

     Our regiment remained where it bivouaced on the Monday night
following the battle until Wednesday the 16th ult., when it was
moved about half a mile further forward towards Corinth, to a much
more pleasant location, on top of a little ridge of woodland, where
we had a bountiful supply of excellent spring water near by, and a
large field very suitable for battalion drill near at hand. The
20th, 78th, and 56th Ohio were our neighbors on the left and the
58th Ohio on the right. Major Gen. Wallace's Headquarters was
situated immediately in our rear. A Chicago battery was also on
our right, in front of the 58th Ohio. For several days we were on
the front line of the army facing Corinth, but we did not occupy that
position long. Gen. McClernand's and Gen. Hurlbut's divisions soon
took position in front of us, and the white tents of our great army
of the Tennessee were visable in every direction. This camp was by
far the most pleasant one we had occupied since we left Camp
Sherman. How often the boys talk about what good times they had at
the old Fort, but they had not learned to appreciate them then as
they do now.

     On the 23rd of April, when we had been in our new camp but a
week, our regiment was ordered to join two or three others in a
reconnoisance in force towards Corinth, accompanied by a small
cavalry force and two field pieces, numbering probably 4,000 or
5,000 men.

     The reconnoisance proceeded cautiously, the cavalry and
artillery in advance, about seven or eight miles. They drove the
enemy's pickets, took one prisoner, and then came upon a camp of
the enemy supposed to number 2,000. They made but a show of
resistance and left in a hurry, leaving part of their camp equipage
to be burned by our force. The artillery threw 30 or 40 shot and
shell in the range of their retreat, and then we all returned to
camp, having taken eleven prisoners.-Our regiment commenced the
march at seven o'clock, A.M., and were in camp again by 4 o'clock,
P.M. We are now encamped within a mile of where the rebel camp was
burned.

     On Monday, the 28th ult., our regiment was ordered to join
another reconnoisance in force towards Purdy, with three days
rations in our haversacks. A march of about five miles was made
that afternoon to a little village called Stantonville. I looked
for a store, grocery or blacksmith shop to entitle the place to a
name, but could find nothing of the kind. The only sign of business
was an old tannery. We bivouced that night in the woods close by,
and Col. Woods and the other regimental officers occupied the
deserted mansion of some secessionist who had gone to the rebel
army. About midnight I found my blanket pretty well soaked, and
more water under me than was comfortable; so I felt disposed to
rise early. The cavalry and artillery had gone on in advance as
usual, and we were left behind to support them if necessary. We put
in the day drying our blankets, and speculating in our own minds
where we were to go next, for soldiers and even company officers
know scarcely any more about where they are to go than an ox under
the hand of his driver. That day moved lazily and another night was
passed in the vicinity of Stantonville. The next morning we were
ordered to march again, and faced towards Purdy, expecting to go
there, of course, but after moving in that direction about half a
mile, we were countermarched, and came back to camp. The result, I
learn, was the burning of a railroad bridge beyond Purdy, and the
capture of four or five prisoners.

      On Saturday evening, the 3rd of May, the Colonel's orderly
entered our tent, and said: "Captain, have your company ready to
march at nine o'clock to-morrow morning, with two day's rations in
haversacks, &c., &c. That, thought I, means a battle, but it was
not so. We were ordered to take one officer's tent and two Sibleys.
The sick were all left behind. Company G was detailed for picket
guard, and were left behind, about a mile in advance of the old
camp, and did not join the regiment until Wednesday the 7th inst.

     Our present camp is in a hard looking place, and we don't care
how soon we move forward. We were ordered last night to put three
day's cooked rations in our haversacks and fall in line of battle,
with blankets, knapsacks and arms, and 40 rounds of cartridges in
cartridge boxes, and 60 rounds about the person. This seems to be
a load sufficient for a pack mule, but the soldier has to stand it.
Our brave soldiers, who have to endure these hardships and bear
these burdens, richly deserve the sympathy of those whose homes and
government they are fighting to protect.

     Very many of them are sacrificing their lives for their
country, not only on the battlefield, but in their tents, from
diseases caused by exposure and sometimes by the fatigue of rapid
marches. Besides four companies of our regiment have never yet
received a cent of pay, which certainly seems like very ill usage,
after having been in two great battles. Who is to blame, I am
unable to say?

     Our camp is now on the main road leading to Corinth, and about
ten miles distant. Mule teams by the thousand are passing here
constantly going towards Corinth an returning, and 500 or 600 head
of beef cattle passed towards Corinth to-day. - Cincinnati, St.
Louis and Louisville dailies are plenty in camp now and are
received daily, of dates only two or three days back, selling for
a dime a paper. We are all in good spirits over the victories at
New Orleans and Yorktown, and feel in hopes that the great
rebellion will soon be conquered, peace restored, and we be
permitted to return once more to our happy homes. Letters should be
directed to Co.--, 76th Regiment, O.V., Gen. Wallace's Division,
Army on Tennessee river. Of the letters received to-day, May 1st,
is the latest date.            R.W. BURT.


FROM: Newark True American, May 22, 1862, Newark, Ohio
      Ohio Historical Society Microfilm Roll #39705


----------------------------------------

About:  The 76th Ohio Volunteer Infantry

     Captain Charles R. Woods, of the 9th United States Infantry,
having been authorized to raise a regiment for the three years'
service, recruited and organized the 76th Ohio Volunteer Infantry at
Newark, Ohio, on the 9th of February, 1862. The regiment left Newark,
and, proceeding via Paducah, Ky., to Fort Donelson, took an active
part in the engagement at that place. On the 6th of March it moved to
the Tennessee river, and then up the river to Crump's Landing, where
it remained until the 31st, when it marched to Adamsville, and took
position in General Lew Wallace's Division, in the right wing of
General Grant's army. The division made a forced march to Pittsburg
Landing (Shiloh) on the 6th of April, and was in line of battle by
dark, and during the entire engagement was constantly exposed to the
enemy's fire. In the latter part of April the regiment formed a part
of a reconnoitering party toward Corinth, charging the Rebels, driving
them from their position, and destroying their camp equipage. It
formed a part of the grand reserve during the advance on Corinth, and,
after the evacuation, moved to Memphis, arriving on the 17th of June,
having marched 130 miles with wagon supplies. The 76th moved down the
river on the 24th of July, and encamped near Helena, Ark.

      .... On the 23d of September [1863] the division (General
Osterhaus in command) embarked at Vicksburg for Memphis; and on the
30th moved from the latter place by railroad to Corinth. During the
months of October and November the regiment marched and skirmished in
northern Alabama and Tennessee, arriving at Chattanooga in time to
join General Hooker in the assault on Lookout Mountain; was engaged at
Mission Ridge; and on the 27th of November charged up Taylor's Ridge
(Ringgold Gap, GA.) under a heavy fire, suffering a fearful loss. In
one company of 20 men, 8 were killed and 8 wounded, and 7 men were
shot down while carrying the regimental colors. After marching and
bivouacking in various places, on the 1st of January, 1864, the
regiment went into camp for the winter at Paint Rock, Ala....

     ...This regiment participated in 44 battles; moved 9,625 miles on
foot, by rail, and by water; passed through the rebellious states of
Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Louisiana, Mississippi,
Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. 241
men were wounded in battle; 351 died on the field or in hospitals; 222
carry scars as evidence of their struggle with the enemy, and 282 have
the seeds of disease contracted in the line of duty. It is a sad, but
noble record, and the survivors may well be proud of the part they
have taken in establishing the greatness and permanence of the
American Union.

       During its term of service this regiment bore an
honorable part in the following battles:

     Fort Donelson, Tenn.................February 14-16, 1862
     Shiloh, Tenn........................April 6-7, 1862
     Corinth, Miss. (siege of)...........April 30 to May 30, 1862
     Milliken's Bend, La.................August 18, 1862
     Chickasaw Bayou, Miss...............December 28,29, 1862
     Arkansas Post, Ark. (Ft. Hindman)...January 11, 1863
     Vicksburg, Miss. (siege of).........May 18 to July 4, 1863
     Canton, Miss........................July 18, 1863
     Jackson, Miss.......................July 9-16, 1863
     Lookout Mountain, Tenn..............November 24, 1863
     Mission Ridge, Tenn.................November 25, 1863
     Ringgold, Ga........................November 27, 1863
     Resaca, Ga..........................May 13-16, 1864
     Dallas, Ga..........................May 25 to June 4, 1864
     Kenesaw Mountain, Ga................June 9-30, 1864
     Atlanta, Ga. (Hood's second sortie).July 22, 1864
     Atlanta, Ga. (siege of).............July 28 to Sept. 1, 1864
     Jonesboro, Ga.......................August 31, Sept. 1, 1864
     Lovejoy Station, Ga.................September 2-6, 1864
     Ship's Gap, Ga......................October 16, 1864
     Gadsen, Ala.........................October 26, 1864
     Columbia, S.C.......................February 16, 17, 1865
     Bentonville, N.C....................March 19-21, 1865
     Grand Review, Washington D.C........May 24, 1865

From: Ohio At Vicksburg
      Report Of The Ohio Vicksburg Battlefield Commission
      By W.P.Gault, Sergt. Co.F, 78th  O.V.I.


For complete accounts of the 76th Ohio visit Larry's Site




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